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What is iran known for?

The Iranian people are one of the most intimate and hospitable people in the world. Despite the negative testimony that some western media do about it and the economic problems that it faces, Iranians are patriot. In the following we review what is Iran known for.

History

Iran is home of one of the world’s oldest civilizations, The Persian Empire begins at the Iron Age, Cyrus the great was the first Achaemenid Emperor. He founded Persia by uniting the two original Iranian Tribes- the Medes and the Persians. The significance and greatness of Persepolis is in every Iranian mind. This is the burial place of Cyrus the Great, known to the world’s first human rights charter.

What is iran known for?

Architecture

Architectural masterpieces are one of the main attractions of Iran. In Iran, you can see stunning mosques and places of worship that are magnificent. Iranian architecture displays great variety, both structural and aesthetic, from a variety of traditions and experience.

What is iran known for

Hospitality

Guest is friends of God. This sentence has a special place in the Iranian people’s culture. It doesn’t matter if you are a foreign tourist or a compatriot, The Iranians do whatever they can To make you happy. This is a traditional behavior that exists between the Iranian people. The hospitality of iranian has led them to bring home memories that they will never forget.

What is iran known for

Preservation of Persian language

Thanks to the efforts of Ferdowsi to preserve the Persian language, the Iranians were able to maintain the Persian language alive. Ferdowsi is the epic poet of Shahnameh which written it, without using even an Arabic word.

What is iran known for

Rice

oft and white rice is probably the most important part of any Iranian table. Iranians swear that the flavor of Iran’s rice cannot be found in any place in the world. Before garnish rice with saffron and bring to the table, they cook it well with steam and heat.

What is iran known for

The literature

Poetry has a deep place in the soul and life of every Iranian, and is one of the honors of Iranians Among the most famous poets in Iran are Hafez, Sa’di, Omar Khayyam Neishabouri, Mevlana and etc. Some of the Iranian poets have become more famous than the borders of this country. For example, Saadi’s poem can be mentioned which Written at the top of the entrance of the United Nations center

Iranian Bird Species

Persian bird has a total of 534 species. Two of them are endemic, three birds introduce by humans and 14 species are rare. 19 species are on the list of birds and endangered species. Obviously, due to increased travel and tours of nature and bird watching in Iran, Familiarity with Iranian bird species can be a guide to knowing Iran.

How to categorize bird species

Iranian Bird Species

These terms categorized in this list (the sequencing of the categories, families, and species), and their naming (common name and scientific name) comes from the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World.

The following tags used specify multiple categories. Native species do not stay into any of these categories.

(A) or random: A species that is rarely or randomly seen in Iran.

(E) or Endemic: A species only seen and found in Iran.

(I) or introduced: A species that introduced as a species, directly or indirectly from human actions in Iran.

(EX) or destroyed: a species that is no longer seen in Iran. But it may exist in other parts of the world and in other countries.

(X) or extinct: Specie or species that no longer exist in the world.

Climate variation in Iran is the reason of birds biodiversity

Despite the fact that a large part of Iran has dry and semi-arid weather, the species of Iranian birds are still rich and diverse. This diversity see in eight large habitats:

Desert and semi-desert region

The species of Iranian birds found in these areas named by the following scientific titles

Chlamydotis undulata, Oenanthe monacha, Ammomanes cincturus, Hoopoe Lark Alaemon alaudipes, Desert Warbler Sylvia nana, Hooded Wheataer Oenanthe deserti, Oenanthe monacha and  Trumpeter Finch Rhodopechys githaginea.

Semi-dry steppe

The Iranian Bird Species found in this area include:

Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus, Common Kestrel, Black-bellied Sandgrouse Pterocles orientalis, European Roller Coracias garrulous, European Bee-eater Merops apiaster, the ubiquitous Crested Lark Galerida cristata, Isabelline Wheatear Oenanthe isabellina and Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala.

High mountains

Alborz Mountains, Zagros Mountains and the highest mountain peaks in the provinces of Azerbaijan, Khorasan, Kerman and Baluchestan contain typical mountainous species. This list include: Aquila chrysaetos, Gypaetus barbatus, Tachymarptis melba, Hirundo rupestris, Eremophila alpestris, Pyrrhocorax graculus, Prunella collaris, Monticola saxatilis, Phoenicurus ochruros, Tichodroma muraria, Montifringilla nivalis and Tetraogallus caspius.

Forests and forest areas

Iran’s forest areas are full of Iranian birds. It ishard to find the difference between these forests and the central European forest. Typical bird species in these forests include:

Columba palumbus – Picus viridis – Dendrocopos major -Anthus trivialis – Lanius collurio – Garrulus glandarius – Troglodytes – Prunella modularis – Sylvia atricapilla – Hippolais icterina – Erithacus rubecula and Luscinia megarhynchos.

Birdwatching is one of the most popular entertainments in the world. In Iran it is more than a few years old that has become popular and has attracted many Nature lovers.

Tips for traveling to rural areas

One of the best, most attractive places where most tourists are interested traveling and visiting in iran is the rural areas. In this article, we will provide you the tips for traveling to rural areas in Iran in order to avoid any problems on your journey, and of course, do not harm them.

Have cash with you

Although today technology has been infiltrated in all parts of the country, but it is less likely in the rural areas of Iran to have Automated teller machine. If you want to travel to these areas, always plan ahead and take cash for your caution a little more than you have planned. It’s always possible to see crafts or attractive products in these areas and you want to buy them. But if you did not have enough money, you can’t buy it. So, always have enough cash to avoid regrets.

In the meantime, if you have little money, do not worry about anything. You can ask the kind people of the village for help, be sure your request will not be answered. One of the best things you can do in these situations is helping people in their daily work

Plan your trip

Tips for traveling to rural areas

Before traveling to Iran rural areas, it is best to plan your trip, especially if you are traveling without tour and individually. know about, what you want to travel with and where you want to go. Specify your destination. The point of traveling to rural areas is that Plan your trip So that to get there, In the early hours of the day. Ask local residents about public transportation that enters or leaves the village to know the Schedule times

Book your residence

Tips for traveling to rural areas

If you plan to stay for a night in these areas, we suggest you to book your accommodation or lodging in advance of traveling to rural areas. If you have not already been able to book a place, try to enter the village during a daylight. Then the first thing to do is find a place to stay at night. This way, if you do not find a place to stay, you can leave the area before night

Wake up at early morning

Tips for traveling to rural areas

One of the important recommendations about travel to rural areas is to wake up with sunrise. Never miss the beautiful Sunrise in the countryside. Get up early like the rural people. You can ask them to wake you up and take part in their daily work

Do not Look down on villagers

Do not forget that before we are rich or a doctor and engineer, we are human. And everybody should behave humbly and kindly with others.

Try to Observe the ethical codes of that village!

For example, if all the villagers are religious and traditional, take a closer look at how you dress yourself.

Do not taking a photo, without permission

Tips for traveling to rural areas

on of the most important tips for traveling to rural areas is that ,pay attention to the fact that take photos of people in the village just if they like.

Buy something from the villagers

Tips for traveling to rural areas

Remember that the Livelihood way of villagers is by selling their products. one of the most important hint about Traveling to rural areas is shopping handicrafts and local food products. Also You should try local cuisine in that area.

Insurance of passengers entering Iran is necessary for any foreign person who traveling to Iran. And it starts from the arrival time in Iran. If the insured during the validity of this insurance, encounter an illness or physical injury caused by an accident the insurer is obliged to pay the related costs up to agreed cost.

Insurance of passengers entering Iran

There is no age limit on this insurance and pay medical expenses up to 10,000 euros during the insurance coverage period. This fee includes surgical, medical and poisoning expenses. Also, premium rates are calculate and determine based on the age and duration time on the basis euro.

Note: Valid Travel Insurance is often necessary for getting visa at airport (Iran Visa on Arrival)

Insurance of passengers entering Iran

The insurance of passengers entering Iran includes:

The transfer

Transfer to the nearest hospital, returning insured to the respective country, Transfer the corpse to the nearest airport of him/her place of residence country, Take the necessary actions for reinstatement of Individuals below-15-year-olds and Transferring a relative to Iran.

Insurance of passengers entering Iran

Paying fees

Medical expenses up to a maximum of 10,000 euros, included: Initial visit, Imaging and laboratory services, Medicinal costs and Outpatient surgery and Physiotherapy.

Medical expenses due to hospitalization and surgery, and surgical centers with admission for more than 6 hours.

Dental emergency costs up to 200 Euro Which limited to toothache treatment, Treatment for infection and tooth extraction.

The necessary expenses in case of missing important travel documents such as passports, Driving license or consular documents up to 2000 euros.

The cost of legal assistance is up to 250 euros in cases during stay in Iran.

Finally, Items listed above depends on the general and private conditions of the insurance policy.

Insurance of passengers entering Iran

In this article we will review the last part of UNESCO World Heritage sites in Iran

UNESCO World Heritage sites in Iran

  • Golestan Palace| beautiful palace Remaining from the Qajar period

Golestan Palace| beautiful palace Remaining from the Qajar period

Golestan Palace is one of the most exclusive historical collections in Iran. This royal complex located in Tehran. The foundation of this collection dates back to the time of Shah Abbas Safavid but, Today, the works created by him are not visible. The complex has more than 10 museums and buildings.

This palace has a European Iranian face and has undergone significant changes during the Nassereddin Shah Qajar area. indeed, it was the result of the kings trip to Europe.

Registration year: 2013

Address: Tehran, 15 Khordad Avenue, Arg Square

  • Shahr-e Sukhteh | The Burnt City

Shahr-e Sukhteh | The Burnt City

 

The Shahr-e Sukhteh is an ancient region with an area of 151 hectares on the Zabul road to Zahedan. The city dates back to 3200 BC. The city’s name is still unknown, and it was named due to the burning on fire.

The first brain surgery, the first artificial eye, The World’s first animation, these are some of the important things that have been discovered in this city.

Registration year: 2014

Address: Sistan and Baluchestan Province, 55 km from Zabol

  • Cultural Landscape of Meymand

Cultural Landscape of Meymand

Meymand is the name of a village in Kerman province, which is one of the few architectural forms of rock architecture. The most important feature of this village is that Some of its natural and man-made caves are still used for housing and shelter. Some of stone engravings in this village date back to 10,000 years ago. The majority of residence are nomadic and shepherds.

Registration year: 2015

Address: Kerman Province, Babak Town, Meymand Village

  • The ancient city of Susa |Valuable Treasure of Khuzestan

The ancient city of Susa |Valuable Treasure of Khuzestan

Susa is an ancient city in the Khuzestan province, which is consider as one of the oldest known settlements in the world. according to studies, this city  founded in the 4000 BC but, lately the experts found the residential village dating back to 7,000 BC in this area. Among the important monuments of this city are Apadana Palace, which was the Winter Palace of the Achaemenid Kings and the main palace of Darius I. Susa has been the capital of the Achaemenid government.

Registration year: 2015

Address: Khuzestan Province, Ancient City of Susa

  • Qanat |Architectural iranian Architecture Intelligence

Qanat |Architectural iranian Architecture Intelligence

Iranian Qanat is one of the most amazing water supply systems in the world. 11 Qantas  registered as the Iranian Qanat in the UNESCO World Heritage sites.

Qanat of Gonabad as the oldest and largest qanats in the world

Baladeh-Ferdows qanat in southern Khorasan, The remains from the Sassanid era

Zarch  qanat in Yazd, the longest Iranian Qanat

Moon qanat in ardestan, the only two-story qanat in the world

Hasan abad qanat in mehriz, with the age of seven hundred years

Vezvan  qanat and mazd abad qanat in Meymand with Underground dams

Joopar qanat in kerman, with the age of 750 years.

Ibrahim abad qanat in arak, one of the oldest quants in the country

Aasem abad qanat and akbar abad  qanat in bam city, with Twin structure

Registration year: 2016

  • Dasht-e Lut l Amazing Effect of nature

Dasht-e Lut l Amazing Effect of nature

Dasht-e Lut is a desert plain with an area of about 175,000 kilometers in southeastern Iran.

This desert includes parts of the Kerman, Sistan and Baluchestan, and South Khorasan, which is the seventh largest desert in the world. Also, this is the hottest place on the earth. In 2005, in Dasht-e Lut, temperature of 159.3 degrees Fahrenheit was measured, the highest ever officially confirmed for a location on Earth.

Registration year: 2016

Address: Parts of Kerman, Sistan and Baluchestan and South Khorasan provinces

  • Sassanid Archaeological Landscape of Fars Region

Sassanid Archaeological Landscape of Fars Region

This collection includes 8 archaeological sites which is dispersed in three geographic Bishapur, Firoozabad and Sarvestan in the southeast of Fars province. Sassanid Archaeological Landscape of Fars included structures, palaces, ancient cities. Monuments in this collection date back to the earliest and latest times of the Sassanian Empire, from 224 to 658 CE.

So, this collection as follows:

Historical monuments of Firuzabad: The Palace of Ardashir, Qaleh Dokhtar, The Ancient City of Ardashir-Khurreh, The Investiture Relief of Ardashir, The Valley of Tang-i Ab, The Mehr-Narseh Bridge

Historical monuments of Bishapour: Valerian Palace, Ditch, Bishapour city, Commemorative Columns, Defensive towers, Anahita Temple, Ceremonial Hall, Fire Temple, Historical Bath, The Mosaic Ayvan, Sasanid bridge, Sasanid entrance, Shapur’s Cave, Tang-e Chogan, Reliefs of Tang-e Chogan

Sarvestan Monument

Finally, to learn more about these phenomenons and historical monuments , we need to visit them. So, In planning for travel to the destinations which contain these cases, don’t forget them

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We investigated the UNESCO World Heritage sites in Iran earlier, and review a number of Iranian attractions that record in this list. In this article we will review the Continue this list.

UNESCO World Heritage sites in Iran

  • Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran| Legacy of ChristiansArmenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran| Legacy of Christians

A number of churches in Iran are also record on the UNESCO World Heritage List, which include:

St. Stephanus Church is the second most important Armenian church in Iran which is located between the border area of Jolfa and the republic of Azerbaijan and on the edge of the Aras river.

St. Thaddeus Monastery also known as the Black Church (Qare Kelisa), located near the Chaldoran region in Maku, West Azerbaijan province.

Chapel of Dzordzor, it is small but amazing. this church  built in 1315 CE and Located in Maku, West Azerbaijan Province

Registration year: 2008

Address: West Azerbaijan Province and East Azerbaijan Province

  • Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System | Iran’s Historic Engineering Masterpiece

Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System | Iran's Historic Engineering Masterpiece

Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System is a complex irrigation system which based on evidence dating back to the time of Darius, an Achaemenid king of Iran at the 5th century BC. This system included water mills, dams, tunnels, and canals. GarGar weir built on the watermills and waterfalls.

The site has been recorded as a masterpiece of creative genius by UNESCO

Registration year: 2009

Address: Khuzestan Province, Shushtar, Taleghani Street

  • Historic City of Yazd |the wind-catcher city

Historic City of Yazd |the wind-catcher city

Yazd is considered as an ancient and historical city of Iran. Yazd is the first mud brick town in the world and the second most historic city in the world after Venice in Italy. This city is known to wind-catcher and bicycle and further, called as jewel of desert.

Some of the Yazd city attractions included: Dolat Abad garden, Zoroastrian Fire Temple (Ateshkadeh), Amir Chakhmaq Mosque Complex, Masjed-e Jameh, old city with its numerous badgirs (windtowers), water museum, khan-e Lari (Qajar house), Zoroastrian Towers of Silence (dakhmeh-ye zartoshtiyan), Alexander’s Prison, Chak Chak, Kharanaq village.

  • Bazaar of Tabriz |The largest Bazaar in Iran

Bazaar of Tabriz |The largest Bazaar in Iran

If we assume the city center of Tabriz is a quadrangle, the Tabriz bazaar is located precisely in the center of this quadrangle.

It is the largest market in Iran and the largest covered bazaar in the world. Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex consists of a series of interconnected, covered, brick structures, buildings, and enclosed spaces for different functions.

Registration year: 2010

Address: East Azerbaijan Province, Tabriz, Islamic Republic Street

  • Sheikh Safi al-Din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble

Sheikh Safi al-Din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble

This Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble is a masterpiece of art and architecture and a rare example of Islamic architecture in the middle ages. Sheikh Safi, an eminent leader of an Islamic Sufi, built his Khānegāh in a beautiful garden in Ardebil. This place used for teaching and raising of Sheikh Safi’s students. And after his death, he buried in this place. Moreover, the grave of the first king of the Safavid (Ismail I) is in this place.

Registration year: 2010

Address: Ardabil, Ardabil, Sheikh Safi Avenue, Ali Qapu Square

  • Persian gardens

Persian gardens

Persian Gardens are gardens with special architecture and elements such as geometric structure, water and trees and pavilion, which are mostly built on the Iranian plateau and surrounding areas.

Three structures and designs distinguish Iranian garden from other gardens

  •  located along the waterway
  •  surrounded by long walls
  • it has pavilion and pool

There are 9 Persian gardens which is record on the UNESCO Heritage List, as follows:

Pasargad garden, Chehel Sotoun, fin garden, Eram garden, Shazeh garden, Dowlat abad garden, Abbasabad garden, Akbarieh garden, Pahlevanpour garden.

Registration year: 2011

  • Jameh Mosque of Isfahan|Ancient memorial in Isfahan

Jameh Mosque of Isfahan|Ancient memorial in Isfahan

Jameh Mosque of Isfahan is one of the most important and oldest monuments in Iran. Also this mosque known as Atiq Mosque. This 1000-year-old mosque  built with recommendation of Nezam-al-Mulk, Minister of the Seljuq ruler (Malek-Shah), probably between 1070 and 1075.

Taj Al Molk dome, Soffe – ye – Ostad, the winter gallery (BEIT AL SHETA) and Oljeitu prayer niche are the most fantastic parts of this mosque.

Registration year: 2012

Address: Esfahan, Isfahan, Majlesi St

  • Gonbad-e Qabus | Mysterious building

UNESCO World Heritage sites in Iran

Gonbad-e Qabus is a brick structure with an impressive height, known as the world’s tallest brick tower. The architecture of this historic structure is so amazing therefore, many of the world’s most renowned architects call it the best engineering work for human history. This tower was constructed in 1006 A.D on the orders of Amir Qabus-ibn Wushmgir – the ruler of Gorgan

Registration year: 2012

Address: Golestan Province, Gonbad Kavoos, North Imam Khomeini St.

The UNESCO World Heritage sites in Iran includes 23 sites. The list includes 22 cultural heritages and a natural phenomenon. This is only a brief introduction to each of the works and you can read their full introduction in separate articles.

  • Chogha Zanbil | Ancient masterpiece

    Chogha Zanbil

The first UNESCO World Heritage sites in Iran  is Chogha Zanbil . An ancient temple, near the ancient city of Susa in the Khuzestan province. This sanctuary located in the the ruins of the holy city of the Kingdom of Elam. Some experts consider this building as the first religious building in Iran. The Chogha Zanbil ziggurat has a square shaped design with a length of 105 meters to each side. The central core of the ziggurat built by mud bricks and covered with bricks.

Registration year: 1979

Address: Khuzestan province, 40 km south-east of Susa

  • Persepolis | Achaemenid immortal LegacyPersepolis

Persepolis is an ancient city in the city of Marvdasht, Fars province. Darius has been its founder. Also after him, his son Xerxes and his grandson, Ardeshir I, expanded and developed it. According to many historians The Greek commander, Alexander the Great, attacked Iran in 330 BC and destroyed Persepolis by firing. Nevertheless, the ruins of this magnificent city are among the most important sources of knowledge about the Achaemenid empire and its society and culture.

Registration year: 1979

Address: Fars province, Marvdasht city

  • Naqsh-e jahan square | Isfahan’s Glorynaqsh-e jahan square

Naqsh-e jahan square with the official name of Emam Square is a Magnificent monument in Isfahan. A collection of unique works and beautiful buildings can be found in it. Naqsh-e jahan square has rectangular shape with 560 meters long and 160 meters wide.

The monuments in this square included, the Ali Qapu Palace, Imam Mosque, Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque and Gheysarie Bazaar

Registration year: 1979

Address: Isfahan, naqsh-e jahan square

  • Takht-e Soleyman | Valuable treasure of Iranian historynaqsh-e jahan square

Takht-e Soleyman (Throne of Solomon) is an ancient complex which included number of palaces and fire temple of Azargushsnab and a beautiful lake in it. It is considered as a largest monuments of Sassanid era which is known until today. Thus Takht-e Suleiman was considered to be the largest educational, religious, social, and pre-Islamic Iranian worship center.

As a matter of fact, Azargushsnab was one of the three important Sassanid fire temples.

Registration year: 2003

Address: West Azerbaijan province, 45 km northeast of Takab and Takht-e-Solomon village

  • Arg e Bam | An ancient cityArg e Bam

Arg e Bam is a large collection of tall and enclosed buildings near Bam in Kerman province. This citadel has an area of nearly 180,000 square meters. In the architecture of this ancient city, two separate parts are considered.

The government sector includes a military citadel, a four-season mansion, a barrack, a 40-meter water well and a stable for 200 horses in the center.

The peasant segment includes the city’s main entrance, the main entrance to the castle and market, about 400 homes and public buildings, such as school and sport field.

Registration year: 2004

Address: Kerman Province, Bam

  • Pasargad | tomb of Cyrus the Greatpasargad

Pasargad was the first capital of the Achaemenid Empire to be built under the command of Cyrus the great. This work is a prominent example of the Achaemenid royal art and architecture and an unrivaled Witness of Persian civilization that remains to this day. Actually the tomb of Cyrus the Great is one of the most important parts of the Pasargad, which is almost wholesome.

Except for it, The prison of Solomon, The Private Palace,The Audience Palace, The Gateway Palace and Caravanserai of Mozaffari are part of Ancient art in Pasargad.

Registration year: 2004

Address: Fars Province, Pasargad City, Pasargad Complex

  • Dome of Soltaniyeh | Jewel turquoise ZanjanDome of Soltaniyeh

Dome of Soltaniyeh is a turquoise dome constructed in Soltaniyeh. Also, it is a prominent example of Iranian art architecture. Soltaniyeh Dome is the third largest dome of the world in terms of height after the Church of Santa Maria in Italy and the Hagia Sophia in Turkey.

furthermore, this dome is also the largest historical dome in Iran and the largest brick dome in the world. Dome of Soltaniyeh is the first example of double-shell domes in the world.

Registration year: 2005

Address: Zanjan Province, Soltanieh City, Allameh Helli Square, Allameh Helli Blvd.

  • Bisotun Inscription| Treasured memorabilia of DariusBisotun Inscription

Bisotun Inscription is a multilingual inscription and a large rock relief which carved at a height of 100 meters from the ground on a cliff at Mount Bisotun in the Kermanshah Province.

This stone inscription and reliefs on the orders of Darius I, Achaemenid king, carved. The inscription written in four script included: Cuneiform, Ancient Persian language, Elamite and Akkadian or new Babylonian.

Notable points of Bisotun inscription include: introduction of Darius in his own words, Achaemenid dynasty, death of Cambyses, Gaumata rebellion and his death, praying for the country and its nation, Darius’s thank to Ahouramazda for his help in overcoming opponents and retrieving peace, advice to future kings who will read Bisotun inscription.

Registration year: 2006

Address: Kermanshah Province, Kermanshah City, Bisotun City, Bisotun Historical Site.

In this article we introduce Top Places to See in Yazd  so stay with us

Yazd is one of the central cities in Iran. This city is known as the first mud brick town and also second-largest historical city in the world.

 

Top places to see in Yazd

Zoroastrian Towers of Silence

Zoroastrian Towers of Silence

Towers of Silence also called Zoroastrian Dakhmeh, is a type of structure which used by ancient Iranians for funerary. This tower is the place where Zoroastrians put their dead’s bodies in order to be eaten by birds and wild animals. According to the Zoroastrians believe, the burial of the dead body contaminates the soil, which is the holy element. And so they used this method for Corpses.

Amir Chakhmaq Complex

Amir Chakhmaq Complex

The Amir Chakhmaq Complex in Yazd is a collection of Square, Cistern, bazaar, and mosque that are very spectacular. The complex dates back to the Timurid period. The collection was made by Jalaleddin Amir Chakhmaq, who was the city’s governor at that time.

Jame Mosque of Yazd

Top places to see in Yazd

Jame Mosque of Yazd is a masterpiece of Iranian artist architects and has been built around 100 years and three historical periods. The main foundations of the mosque were built by the Sassanid dynasties.

the construction of the dome was made at the time of the Ilkhani and Facade of the Mosque, during the Shahrokh period and the Timurid period. This mosque is very beautiful at night.  Also its high minarets are visible from most parts of the city.

Dowlat Abad Garden

Dowlat Abad Garden

Dowlat Abad Garden of Yazd is one of the most beautiful Iranian gardens. The building of Dowlat Abad Garden, is remain from Afshariyan and Zandieh period.  Also this garden  has a high wind-catcher, that is the tallest wind-catcher in the world.

Yazd Water Museum

 

Yazd Water Museum is one of the most famous museums in the city and one of the most interesting water museums in the world. This museum is located in the kolahdouz house, one of the most amazing historical buildings in Yazd.

Markar Clock Tower Square

Markar Clock Tower Square

Markar ‘s clock is a great public clock at Markar Square in Yazd.it is also known as Borj-e Sa’at-e Markar and located exactly in the center of Iran.

Shiraz is a city of love. Also shiraz is a city of history and art. One of the most beautiful cities in Iran, which take at least three or four days to explore all the city’s landmarks. Before anything else you should know that the best time to go to Shiraz is on May. When the streets are full of orange blossom’s perfume. The Shiraz’s climate is usually pleasant. its summer is warm but the autumn and winter are not so cold. Shiraz has attracted the attention of international experts with its many beauties.

The two UNESCO World Heritage sites are located in shiraz. Persepolis and Pasargad.

Pasargad

Pasargad shiraz

Pasargad was the first capital of the Achaemenid Empire to be built under the command of Cyrus the great. This work is a prominent example of the Achaemenid royal art and architecture and an unrivaled Witness of Persian civilization that remains to this day. The tomb of Cyrus the Great is one of the most important parts of the Pasargada, which is almost wholesome.

Pasargad shiraz

Except for it, The prison of Solomon, The Private Palace,The Audience Palace, The Gateway Palace and Caravanserai of Mozaffari are part of Ancient art in Pasargad. Pasargad was listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2004.

Persepolis

Persepolis shiraz

Persepolis was the ritual capital of the Achaemenid Empire built at the time of Darius I. Then his son, Xerxes and his grandson, Ardeshir I, expanded it.

Persepolis shiraz

Persepolis is also known as the Parseh or Jamshid throne, and has displayed a great splendor. Long columns with various patterns and designs which Over the years, they are still standing. The remains of this city are still in the north of Marvdasht, north of Fars province (northeastern Shiraz). Persepolis was listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1979.

Iranian celebrations may be interesting for anyone who visiting Iran. In this article, we introduce The two most important Iranian celebrations.

Persian culture, is known as the Iranian culture and It is one of the oldest in the world. One of the most attractive subject about this culture is festivals and ceremonies.

Iranian Celebrations : Ancient Nowruz

Iranian celebrations : Ancient Nowruz

Nowruz is one of the most important Iranian celebrations. In this day people celebrate the end of the winter and the coming of spring. Iranian represents the beginning of a new year with love and affection. Nowruz is as a symbol of  nature awakening from hibernation. Nowruz celebration has over 3,000 years old and it has a deeply rooted tradition. Nowruz starts on March 20 and take place over 12 days.

Traditionally, on the first day of Nowruz, family members gather around a Haft-Seen (Means Seven-S’s, It include, seven items that in Farsi begin with the letter S). In Nowruz days, Iranian people, spend their time to visiting relatives and friends and giving gifts.

 

Iranian Celebrations : Yalda Night

Iranian Celebration - Yalda Night

Yalda Night or Chalet Night is another important ancient Iranian celebration. On Yalda festival, Iranians celebrate the victory of light over darkness. It is celebrated as the tallest night of the year, as well as the beginning of a longer days in the northern hemisphere.

Yalda is occurrence of a winter revolution. Yalda is not just a celebration but also it’s an ancient legacy of our ancestors that teaches us that we should living happy together in any moment of life. In This night, families, friends and acquaintances come together and eat different kinds of fruits and snacks.

The storytelling of the family oldest for other family members as well as Hafez horoscope ( This is called Faal-e Hafez) are also an important part of this long night.