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Iranian Bird Species

Persian bird has a total of 534 species. Two of them are endemic, three birds introduce by humans and 14 species are rare. 19 species are on the list of birds and endangered species. Obviously, due to increased travel and tours of nature and bird watching in Iran, Familiarity with Iranian bird species can be a guide to knowing Iran.

How to categorize bird species

Iranian Bird Species

These terms categorized in this list (the sequencing of the categories, families, and species), and their naming (common name and scientific name) comes from the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World.

The following tags used specify multiple categories. Native species do not stay into any of these categories.

(A) or random: A species that is rarely or randomly seen in Iran.

(E) or Endemic: A species only seen and found in Iran.

(I) or introduced: A species that introduced as a species, directly or indirectly from human actions in Iran.

(EX) or destroyed: a species that is no longer seen in Iran. But it may exist in other parts of the world and in other countries.

(X) or extinct: Specie or species that no longer exist in the world.

Climate variation in Iran is the reason of birds biodiversity

Despite the fact that a large part of Iran has dry and semi-arid weather, the species of Iranian birds are still rich and diverse. This diversity see in eight large habitats:

Desert and semi-desert region

The species of Iranian birds found in these areas named by the following scientific titles

Chlamydotis undulata, Oenanthe monacha, Ammomanes cincturus, Hoopoe Lark Alaemon alaudipes, Desert Warbler Sylvia nana, Hooded Wheataer Oenanthe deserti, Oenanthe monacha and  Trumpeter Finch Rhodopechys githaginea.

Semi-dry steppe

The Iranian Bird Species found in this area include:

Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus, Common Kestrel, Black-bellied Sandgrouse Pterocles orientalis, European Roller Coracias garrulous, European Bee-eater Merops apiaster, the ubiquitous Crested Lark Galerida cristata, Isabelline Wheatear Oenanthe isabellina and Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala.

High mountains

Alborz Mountains, Zagros Mountains and the highest mountain peaks in the provinces of Azerbaijan, Khorasan, Kerman and Baluchestan contain typical mountainous species. This list include: Aquila chrysaetos, Gypaetus barbatus, Tachymarptis melba, Hirundo rupestris, Eremophila alpestris, Pyrrhocorax graculus, Prunella collaris, Monticola saxatilis, Phoenicurus ochruros, Tichodroma muraria, Montifringilla nivalis and Tetraogallus caspius.

Forests and forest areas

Iran’s forest areas are full of Iranian birds. It ishard to find the difference between these forests and the central European forest. Typical bird species in these forests include:

Columba palumbus – Picus viridis – Dendrocopos major -Anthus trivialis – Lanius collurio – Garrulus glandarius – Troglodytes – Prunella modularis – Sylvia atricapilla – Hippolais icterina – Erithacus rubecula and Luscinia megarhynchos.

Birdwatching is one of the most popular entertainments in the world. In Iran it is more than a few years old that has become popular and has attracted many Nature lovers.