Iranian Bird Species

Persian bird has a total of 534 species. Two of them are endemic, three birds introduce by humans and 14 species are rare. 19 species are on the list of birds and endangered species. Obviously, due to increased travel and tours of nature and bird watching in Iran, Familiarity with Iranian bird species can be a guide to knowing Iran.

How to categorize bird species

Iranian Bird Species

These terms categorized in this list (the sequencing of the categories, families, and species), and their naming (common name and scientific name) comes from the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World.

The following tags used specify multiple categories. Native species do not stay into any of these categories.

(A) or random: A species that is rarely or randomly seen in Iran.

(E) or Endemic: A species only seen and found in Iran.

(I) or introduced: A species that introduced as a species, directly or indirectly from human actions in Iran.

(EX) or destroyed: a species that is no longer seen in Iran. But it may exist in other parts of the world and in other countries.

(X) or extinct: Specie or species that no longer exist in the world.

Climate variation in Iran is the reason of birds biodiversity

Despite the fact that a large part of Iran has dry and semi-arid weather, the species of Iranian birds are still rich and diverse. This diversity see in eight large habitats:

Desert and semi-desert region

The species of Iranian birds found in these areas named by the following scientific titles

Chlamydotis undulata, Oenanthe monacha, Ammomanes cincturus, Hoopoe Lark Alaemon alaudipes, Desert Warbler Sylvia nana, Hooded Wheataer Oenanthe deserti, Oenanthe monacha and  Trumpeter Finch Rhodopechys githaginea.

Semi-dry steppe

The Iranian Bird Species found in this area include:

Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus, Common Kestrel, Black-bellied Sandgrouse Pterocles orientalis, European Roller Coracias garrulous, European Bee-eater Merops apiaster, the ubiquitous Crested Lark Galerida cristata, Isabelline Wheatear Oenanthe isabellina and Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala.

High mountains

Alborz Mountains, Zagros Mountains and the highest mountain peaks in the provinces of Azerbaijan, Khorasan, Kerman and Baluchestan contain typical mountainous species. This list include: Aquila chrysaetos, Gypaetus barbatus, Tachymarptis melba, Hirundo rupestris, Eremophila alpestris, Pyrrhocorax graculus, Prunella collaris, Monticola saxatilis, Phoenicurus ochruros, Tichodroma muraria, Montifringilla nivalis and Tetraogallus caspius.

Forests and forest areas

Iran’s forest areas are full of Iranian birds. It ishard to find the difference between these forests and the central European forest. Typical bird species in these forests include:

Columba palumbus – Picus viridis – Dendrocopos major -Anthus trivialis – Lanius collurio – Garrulus glandarius – Troglodytes – Prunella modularis – Sylvia atricapilla – Hippolais icterina – Erithacus rubecula and Luscinia megarhynchos.

Birdwatching is one of the most popular entertainments in the world. In Iran it is more than a few years old that has become popular and has attracted many Nature lovers.

In this article we will review the last part of UNESCO World Heritage sites in Iran

UNESCO World Heritage sites in Iran

  • Golestan Palace| beautiful palace Remaining from the Qajar period

Golestan Palace| beautiful palace Remaining from the Qajar period

Golestan Palace is one of the most exclusive historical collections in Iran. This royal complex located in Tehran. The foundation of this collection dates back to the time of Shah Abbas Safavid but, Today, the works created by him are not visible. The complex has more than 10 museums and buildings.

This palace has a European Iranian face and has undergone significant changes during the Nassereddin Shah Qajar area. indeed, it was the result of the kings trip to Europe.

Registration year: 2013

Address: Tehran, 15 Khordad Avenue, Arg Square

  • Shahr-e Sukhteh | The Burnt City

Shahr-e Sukhteh | The Burnt City


The Shahr-e Sukhteh is an ancient region with an area of 151 hectares on the Zabul road to Zahedan. The city dates back to 3200 BC. The city’s name is still unknown, and it was named due to the burning on fire.

The first brain surgery, the first artificial eye, The World’s first animation, these are some of the important things that have been discovered in this city.

Registration year: 2014

Address: Sistan and Baluchestan Province, 55 km from Zabol

  • Cultural Landscape of Meymand

Cultural Landscape of Meymand

Meymand is the name of a village in Kerman province, which is one of the few architectural forms of rock architecture. The most important feature of this village is that Some of its natural and man-made caves are still used for housing and shelter. Some of stone engravings in this village date back to 10,000 years ago. The majority of residence are nomadic and shepherds.

Registration year: 2015

Address: Kerman Province, Babak Town, Meymand Village

  • The ancient city of Susa |Valuable Treasure of Khuzestan

The ancient city of Susa |Valuable Treasure of Khuzestan

Susa is an ancient city in the Khuzestan province, which is consider as one of the oldest known settlements in the world. according to studies, this city  founded in the 4000 BC but, lately the experts found the residential village dating back to 7,000 BC in this area. Among the important monuments of this city are Apadana Palace, which was the Winter Palace of the Achaemenid Kings and the main palace of Darius I. Susa has been the capital of the Achaemenid government.

Registration year: 2015

Address: Khuzestan Province, Ancient City of Susa

  • Qanat |Architectural iranian Architecture Intelligence

Qanat |Architectural iranian Architecture Intelligence

Iranian Qanat is one of the most amazing water supply systems in the world. 11 Qantas  registered as the Iranian Qanat in the UNESCO World Heritage sites.

Qanat of Gonabad as the oldest and largest qanats in the world

Baladeh-Ferdows qanat in southern Khorasan, The remains from the Sassanid era

Zarch  qanat in Yazd, the longest Iranian Qanat

Moon qanat in ardestan, the only two-story qanat in the world

Hasan abad qanat in mehriz, with the age of seven hundred years

Vezvan  qanat and mazd abad qanat in Meymand with Underground dams

Joopar qanat in kerman, with the age of 750 years.

Ibrahim abad qanat in arak, one of the oldest quants in the country

Aasem abad qanat and akbar abad  qanat in bam city, with Twin structure

Registration year: 2016

  • Dasht-e Lut l Amazing Effect of nature

Dasht-e Lut l Amazing Effect of nature

Dasht-e Lut is a desert plain with an area of about 175,000 kilometers in southeastern Iran.

This desert includes parts of the Kerman, Sistan and Baluchestan, and South Khorasan, which is the seventh largest desert in the world. Also, this is the hottest place on the earth. In 2005, in Dasht-e Lut, temperature of 159.3 degrees Fahrenheit was measured, the highest ever officially confirmed for a location on Earth.

Registration year: 2016

Address: Parts of Kerman, Sistan and Baluchestan and South Khorasan provinces

  • Sassanid Archaeological Landscape of Fars Region

Sassanid Archaeological Landscape of Fars Region

This collection includes 8 archaeological sites which is dispersed in three geographic Bishapur, Firoozabad and Sarvestan in the southeast of Fars province. Sassanid Archaeological Landscape of Fars included structures, palaces, ancient cities. Monuments in this collection date back to the earliest and latest times of the Sassanian Empire, from 224 to 658 CE.

So, this collection as follows:

Historical monuments of Firuzabad: The Palace of Ardashir, Qaleh Dokhtar, The Ancient City of Ardashir-Khurreh, The Investiture Relief of Ardashir, The Valley of Tang-i Ab, The Mehr-Narseh Bridge

Historical monuments of Bishapour: Valerian Palace, Ditch, Bishapour city, Commemorative Columns, Defensive towers, Anahita Temple, Ceremonial Hall, Fire Temple, Historical Bath, The Mosaic Ayvan, Sasanid bridge, Sasanid entrance, Shapur’s Cave, Tang-e Chogan, Reliefs of Tang-e Chogan

Sarvestan Monument

Finally, to learn more about these phenomenons and historical monuments , we need to visit them. So, In planning for travel to the destinations which contain these cases, don’t forget them








We investigated the UNESCO World Heritage sites in Iran earlier, and review a number of Iranian attractions that record in this list. In this article we will review the Continue this list.

UNESCO World Heritage sites in Iran

  • Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran| Legacy of ChristiansArmenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran| Legacy of Christians

A number of churches in Iran are also record on the UNESCO World Heritage List, which include:

St. Stephanus Church is the second most important Armenian church in Iran which is located between the border area of Jolfa and the republic of Azerbaijan and on the edge of the Aras river.

St. Thaddeus Monastery also known as the Black Church (Qare Kelisa), located near the Chaldoran region in Maku, West Azerbaijan province.

Chapel of Dzordzor, it is small but amazing. this church  built in 1315 CE and Located in Maku, West Azerbaijan Province

Registration year: 2008

Address: West Azerbaijan Province and East Azerbaijan Province

  • Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System | Iran’s Historic Engineering Masterpiece

Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System | Iran's Historic Engineering Masterpiece

Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System is a complex irrigation system which based on evidence dating back to the time of Darius, an Achaemenid king of Iran at the 5th century BC. This system included water mills, dams, tunnels, and canals. GarGar weir built on the watermills and waterfalls.

The site has been recorded as a masterpiece of creative genius by UNESCO

Registration year: 2009

Address: Khuzestan Province, Shushtar, Taleghani Street

  • Historic City of Yazd |the wind-catcher city

Historic City of Yazd |the wind-catcher city

Yazd is considered as an ancient and historical city of Iran. Yazd is the first mud brick town in the world and the second most historic city in the world after Venice in Italy. This city is known to wind-catcher and bicycle and further, called as jewel of desert.

Some of the Yazd city attractions included: Dolat Abad garden, Zoroastrian Fire Temple (Ateshkadeh), Amir Chakhmaq Mosque Complex, Masjed-e Jameh, old city with its numerous badgirs (windtowers), water museum, khan-e Lari (Qajar house), Zoroastrian Towers of Silence (dakhmeh-ye zartoshtiyan), Alexander’s Prison, Chak Chak, Kharanaq village.

  • Bazaar of Tabriz |The largest Bazaar in Iran

Bazaar of Tabriz |The largest Bazaar in Iran

If we assume the city center of Tabriz is a quadrangle, the Tabriz bazaar is located precisely in the center of this quadrangle.

It is the largest market in Iran and the largest covered bazaar in the world. Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex consists of a series of interconnected, covered, brick structures, buildings, and enclosed spaces for different functions.

Registration year: 2010

Address: East Azerbaijan Province, Tabriz, Islamic Republic Street

  • Sheikh Safi al-Din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble

Sheikh Safi al-Din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble

This Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble is a masterpiece of art and architecture and a rare example of Islamic architecture in the middle ages. Sheikh Safi, an eminent leader of an Islamic Sufi, built his Khānegāh in a beautiful garden in Ardebil. This place used for teaching and raising of Sheikh Safi’s students. And after his death, he buried in this place. Moreover, the grave of the first king of the Safavid (Ismail I) is in this place.

Registration year: 2010

Address: Ardabil, Ardabil, Sheikh Safi Avenue, Ali Qapu Square

  • Persian gardens

Persian gardens

Persian Gardens are gardens with special architecture and elements such as geometric structure, water and trees and pavilion, which are mostly built on the Iranian plateau and surrounding areas.

Three structures and designs distinguish Iranian garden from other gardens

  •  located along the waterway
  •  surrounded by long walls
  • it has pavilion and pool

There are 9 Persian gardens which is record on the UNESCO Heritage List, as follows:

Pasargad garden, Chehel Sotoun, fin garden, Eram garden, Shazeh garden, Dowlat abad garden, Abbasabad garden, Akbarieh garden, Pahlevanpour garden.

Registration year: 2011

  • Jameh Mosque of Isfahan|Ancient memorial in Isfahan

Jameh Mosque of Isfahan|Ancient memorial in Isfahan

Jameh Mosque of Isfahan is one of the most important and oldest monuments in Iran. Also this mosque known as Atiq Mosque. This 1000-year-old mosque  built with recommendation of Nezam-al-Mulk, Minister of the Seljuq ruler (Malek-Shah), probably between 1070 and 1075.

Taj Al Molk dome, Soffe – ye – Ostad, the winter gallery (BEIT AL SHETA) and Oljeitu prayer niche are the most fantastic parts of this mosque.

Registration year: 2012

Address: Esfahan, Isfahan, Majlesi St

  • Gonbad-e Qabus | Mysterious building

UNESCO World Heritage sites in Iran

Gonbad-e Qabus is a brick structure with an impressive height, known as the world’s tallest brick tower. The architecture of this historic structure is so amazing therefore, many of the world’s most renowned architects call it the best engineering work for human history. This tower was constructed in 1006 A.D on the orders of Amir Qabus-ibn Wushmgir – the ruler of Gorgan

Registration year: 2012

Address: Golestan Province, Gonbad Kavoos, North Imam Khomeini St.

If you have any questions about Iran visa, come along with us to review some tips

The I Go Persia team is ready to provide advice and service to facilitate the visa process and entry into Iran.

iran visa

How to get Iran visa?

Two groups do not need a visa to enter Iran: Kish and Qeshm Islands visitors and citizens of eight countries

Citizens of eight countries with free visa agreement are:

Syria, Turkey, Lebanon, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Bolivia, Armenia and Egypt can travel to Iran for a certain period without requiring a visa.

Syria: 90 days

Georgia: 45 days

Bolivia: 30 days

Turkey: 30 days

Armenia: 30 days

Egypt: 20 days

Azerbaijan: 15 days

Lebanon: 15 days

To increase the duration of their stay in Iran, they can apply to the consulates or Iran’s embassies. Also, if they are in Iran, they can go to the Foreign Nationals, Police Registration office in Iran and apply for visa renewal.

Visa on arrival

iran visa

Iranian Visa on arrival is possible at Tehran, Mashhad, Shiraz, Tabriz, Isfahanand Kish airports.

IKA: Imam Khomeini Airport

TEH: Tehran Mehrabad Airport

SYZ: Shiraz International Airport

MHD: Mashhad International Airport

TBZ: Tabriz International Airport

ISF: Isfahan International Airport

KIH: Kish International Airport

Iran Visa on Arrival Tips

Citizen and Passport holders of the countries listed below can get Iran Visa on Arrival

Azerbaijan – Albania – Germany – Austria – Armenia – Uzbekistan – Spain – Australia – Slovenia – Slovakia – United Arab Emirates – Indonesia – Ukraine – Italy – Ireland – Bahrain – Brazil – Brunei – Belarus – Belgium – Bulgaria – Bosnia Herzegovina – Portugal – Peru – Tajikistan – Thailand – Turkmenistan – China – Denmark –  Russia – Romania – Japan – Singapore – Sweden – Switzerland – Syria – Saudi – Oman – France – Palestine – Cyprus – Kyrgyzstan – Qatar – Croatia – South Korea – North Korea – Colombia – Cuba – Kuwait – Georgia – Lebanon – Luxemburg – Poland – Malaysia – Hungary – Mongolia – Mexico – Norway – New Zealand – Venezuela – Vietnam – Netherlands – Yugoslavia – Greece.

It should be noted that this type of visa is issued solely for the purpose of tourism and for persons who originally have the nationality of the above mentioned countries with Regular Passport. This visa are not allowed for Diplomatic Passport holders and official passports, etc.

Iran Visa on Arrival is not issued for Citizen and Passport holders of these countries

USA, UK, Canada, Colombia, Somalia, Bangladesh, Jordan, Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India.

Citizens of these countries for travel to Iran, must take action through Consulate or Iranian embassies in those countries.

Applying through the Electronic online registration form for visa application and having Iran Visa reference number before the trip still is the better way to expedite the issuance of a visa at airport.

Valid Travel Insurance is often necessary for getting visa at airport

please notice:  All visitors to Iran must hold a valid passport with at least six months validity  and confirmed return ticket

Apply for an electronic visa application by clicking on the following link  Visa application