We all know that most of Iran has dry and desert cover, but we should not overlook the Iran forests that cover some of its area. In Iran, because of the heights and plains that make up a special geographical area, Forests, plant and animals species and in general and different ecosystems, have unique and special aspect that are considered as one of the most prominent places in Iran. In this article, we will go on to explore the Iran forests and introduce them in general. Stay with us.
Northern Forests of Iran
Iran’s forests on the southern margin of the Caspian Sea are known as Hyrcanian forests. These forests have about 800 km long and transverse between 20 and 70 km from Astara continues to the gildaghi valley of Bojnourd. They have a lot of biological value. Maybe it’s interesting for you to know that this area is protected by the Alborz Mountains and the Caspian Sea from the Ice Age in the third period of geology. That’s why it has been living since then.
This age, which has been around for 40 million years, has caused some herbaceous and animal species (endemic). One of the most beautiful trees in this area, which is native to these forests, is called Parrotia Persica
The northern forests of Arasbaran are located in the north of East Azerbaijan province. Their area reaches more than 70 thousand hectares. Of course, these forests can be considered as a subset of Hyrcanian forests. But some experts believe that the forests are different in terms of expertise. In the south of the Aras River, you see these jungles Which includes thousands of tree and animal species. One of the beautiful aspect of Arasbaran is the high mountains that surround this forest.
Zagros forests in the west and southwest such as the oak forest
These massive forests cover an area of about 1.6 kilometers. and Located in the provinces of West Azerbaijan, Kurdistan, Kermanshah, Elam, Lorestan, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, Khuzestan, Fars, Kohkiluyeh and Boyer Ahmad and a little part of from Isfahan. The forests of the Zagros region absorb moisture from the Mediterranean Sea and contain about 180 species of trees and shrubs. One of the most important tree species in this area is the oak tree, which is why These forests of Iran are also called oak forests. One of the animal species of this region is Iranian squirrel
Iran forests in the southern region
The southern forests of Iran are known as Tropical or semi tropical. These forests are not densely as Hyrcanian forests and are often sparse in southern Iran. Their total area may be about 500,000 hectares. One of the most famous forests in these area are Hara forests.
Iranian forests in the center
In southern Iran, the vegetative area of Iranian and Turanian with an area of more than 4 million hectares has been scattered. And it includes a large part of Iran. These areas are part of the dry and semi-desert areas of Iran’s central plateau which usually have a very high temperature difference in the cold and hot season. This area has about 300 trees and shrubs, which endemic species is also seen among them