What is iran known for?

The Iranian people are one of the most intimate and hospitable people in the world. Despite the negative testimony that some western media do about it and the economic problems that it faces, Iranians are patriot. In the following we review what is Iran known for.

History

Iran is home of one of the world’s oldest civilizations, The Persian Empire begins at the Iron Age, Cyrus the great was the first Achaemenid Emperor. He founded Persia by uniting the two original Iranian Tribes- the Medes and the Persians. The significance and greatness of Persepolis is in every Iranian mind. This is the burial place of Cyrus the Great, known to the world’s first human rights charter.

What is iran known for?

Architecture

Architectural masterpieces are one of the main attractions of Iran. In Iran, you can see stunning mosques and places of worship that are magnificent. Iranian architecture displays great variety, both structural and aesthetic, from a variety of traditions and experience.

What is iran known for

Hospitality

Guest is friends of God. This sentence has a special place in the Iranian people’s culture. It doesn’t matter if you are a foreign tourist or a compatriot, The Iranians do whatever they can To make you happy. This is a traditional behavior that exists between the Iranian people. The hospitality of iranian has led them to bring home memories that they will never forget.

What is iran known for

Preservation of Persian language

Thanks to the efforts of Ferdowsi to preserve the Persian language, the Iranians were able to maintain the Persian language alive. Ferdowsi is the epic poet of Shahnameh which written it, without using even an Arabic word.

What is iran known for

Rice

oft and white rice is probably the most important part of any Iranian table. Iranians swear that the flavor of Iran’s rice cannot be found in any place in the world. Before garnish rice with saffron and bring to the table, they cook it well with steam and heat.

What is iran known for

The literature

Poetry has a deep place in the soul and life of every Iranian, and is one of the honors of Iranians Among the most famous poets in Iran are Hafez, Sa’di, Omar Khayyam Neishabouri, Mevlana and etc. Some of the Iranian poets have become more famous than the borders of this country. For example, Saadi’s poem can be mentioned which Written at the top of the entrance of the United Nations center

Iranian Bird Species

Persian bird has a total of 534 species. Two of them are endemic, three birds introduce by humans and 14 species are rare. 19 species are on the list of birds and endangered species. Obviously, due to increased travel and tours of nature and bird watching in Iran, Familiarity with Iranian bird species can be a guide to knowing Iran.

How to categorize bird species

Iranian Bird Species

These terms categorized in this list (the sequencing of the categories, families, and species), and their naming (common name and scientific name) comes from the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World.

The following tags used specify multiple categories. Native species do not stay into any of these categories.

(A) or random: A species that is rarely or randomly seen in Iran.

(E) or Endemic: A species only seen and found in Iran.

(I) or introduced: A species that introduced as a species, directly or indirectly from human actions in Iran.

(EX) or destroyed: a species that is no longer seen in Iran. But it may exist in other parts of the world and in other countries.

(X) or extinct: Specie or species that no longer exist in the world.

Climate variation in Iran is the reason of birds biodiversity

Despite the fact that a large part of Iran has dry and semi-arid weather, the species of Iranian birds are still rich and diverse. This diversity see in eight large habitats:

Desert and semi-desert region

The species of Iranian birds found in these areas named by the following scientific titles

Chlamydotis undulata, Oenanthe monacha, Ammomanes cincturus, Hoopoe Lark Alaemon alaudipes, Desert Warbler Sylvia nana, Hooded Wheataer Oenanthe deserti, Oenanthe monacha and  Trumpeter Finch Rhodopechys githaginea.

Semi-dry steppe

The Iranian Bird Species found in this area include:

Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus, Common Kestrel, Black-bellied Sandgrouse Pterocles orientalis, European Roller Coracias garrulous, European Bee-eater Merops apiaster, the ubiquitous Crested Lark Galerida cristata, Isabelline Wheatear Oenanthe isabellina and Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala.

High mountains

Alborz Mountains, Zagros Mountains and the highest mountain peaks in the provinces of Azerbaijan, Khorasan, Kerman and Baluchestan contain typical mountainous species. This list include: Aquila chrysaetos, Gypaetus barbatus, Tachymarptis melba, Hirundo rupestris, Eremophila alpestris, Pyrrhocorax graculus, Prunella collaris, Monticola saxatilis, Phoenicurus ochruros, Tichodroma muraria, Montifringilla nivalis and Tetraogallus caspius.

Forests and forest areas

Iran’s forest areas are full of Iranian birds. It ishard to find the difference between these forests and the central European forest. Typical bird species in these forests include:

Columba palumbus – Picus viridis – Dendrocopos major -Anthus trivialis – Lanius collurio – Garrulus glandarius – Troglodytes – Prunella modularis – Sylvia atricapilla – Hippolais icterina – Erithacus rubecula and Luscinia megarhynchos.

Birdwatching is one of the most popular entertainments in the world. In Iran it is more than a few years old that has become popular and has attracted many Nature lovers.

Tips for traveling to rural areas

One of the best, most attractive places where most tourists are interested traveling and visiting in iran is the rural areas. In this article, we will provide you the tips for traveling to rural areas in Iran in order to avoid any problems on your journey, and of course, do not harm them.

Have cash with you

Although today technology has been infiltrated in all parts of the country, but it is less likely in the rural areas of Iran to have Automated teller machine. If you want to travel to these areas, always plan ahead and take cash for your caution a little more than you have planned. It’s always possible to see crafts or attractive products in these areas and you want to buy them. But if you did not have enough money, you can’t buy it. So, always have enough cash to avoid regrets.

In the meantime, if you have little money, do not worry about anything. You can ask the kind people of the village for help, be sure your request will not be answered. One of the best things you can do in these situations is helping people in their daily work

Plan your trip

Tips for traveling to rural areas

Before traveling to Iran rural areas, it is best to plan your trip, especially if you are traveling without tour and individually. know about, what you want to travel with and where you want to go. Specify your destination. The point of traveling to rural areas is that Plan your trip So that to get there, In the early hours of the day. Ask local residents about public transportation that enters or leaves the village to know the Schedule times

Book your residence

Tips for traveling to rural areas

If you plan to stay for a night in these areas, we suggest you to book your accommodation or lodging in advance of traveling to rural areas. If you have not already been able to book a place, try to enter the village during a daylight. Then the first thing to do is find a place to stay at night. This way, if you do not find a place to stay, you can leave the area before night

Wake up at early morning

Tips for traveling to rural areas

One of the important recommendations about travel to rural areas is to wake up with sunrise. Never miss the beautiful Sunrise in the countryside. Get up early like the rural people. You can ask them to wake you up and take part in their daily work

Do not Look down on villagers

Do not forget that before we are rich or a doctor and engineer, we are human. And everybody should behave humbly and kindly with others.

Try to Observe the ethical codes of that village!

For example, if all the villagers are religious and traditional, take a closer look at how you dress yourself.

Do not taking a photo, without permission

Tips for traveling to rural areas

on of the most important tips for traveling to rural areas is that ,pay attention to the fact that take photos of people in the village just if they like.

Buy something from the villagers

Tips for traveling to rural areas

Remember that the Livelihood way of villagers is by selling their products. one of the most important hint about Traveling to rural areas is shopping handicrafts and local food products. Also You should try local cuisine in that area.

The most famous Iranian food

In this article we want to introduce the most famous Iranian food from the view of foreign tourists. These foods known throughout the world as Iranian culinary representatives and we must say that they are fairly good representatives.

Chelow Kebab

The most famous Iranian food

Chelow Kebab is undoubtedly the most famous Iranian food. And many people know Iranian cuisine with Chelow kebab. Kinds of kebab and especially koobideh-kebab, among Iranians and tourists are very popular. Chelow with koobideh-kebab is commonly serve with tomatoes and grilled peppers, saffron rice, yogurt drink and fresh vegetable. Of course, sometimes koobideh-kebab eaten by bread instead of rice

Ghormeh Sabzi

The most famous Iranian food

If you ask many Iranians, what is your most popular food, it probably says that it is a Ghormeh Sabzi.Ghormeh Sabzi make with lots of Scented Vegetables, onions, dried lemon, red beans (in some parts of Iran, white beans), and sheep’s meat, calves ‘s meat. Ghormeh Sabzi serve with rice or saffron rice

Dizi

The most famous Iranian food

Dizi, also called the abgoosht, is one of the most traditional Iranian cuisines. It is usually made with lamb, chickpeas, white beans, onion, potatoes. The ingredients must combine together and cooked. The solids often mash which called Gusht Koobideh. . This meal serve with yogurt drink and fresh vegetable.

Zereshk Polo

The most famous Iranian food

One of the best persian cuisine which also serve in the ceremonies is Zereshk Polo. Zereshk Polo prepare with the combination of barberry, saffron and white rice . Zereshk Polo with Chicken is one of the most delicious Iranian cuisines, and has become famous in the world.

Baghali Polo

The most famous Iranian food

Baghali Polo is one of the most luxe and delicious Iranian cuisines .It is make with muscle. Many Iranians and of course foreigners love it. For the preparation of Baghali Polo, blend white rice with broad beans and saffron. And in the end, they put the sheep’s muscles or chicken alongside the plate and serve.

Loobia Polo

The most famous Iranian food

Loobia Polo are usually eaten with a Scorched rice (Tah dig), salad shirazi, vegetable and yogurt. To make Loobia Polo, combine green chopped beans with meat, onions, tomato paste and various spices then braise

Gheymeh

The most famous Iranian food

Another popular Iranian cuisine is Gheymeh stew. The stew garnish with fried potatoes and is usually serve with rice. Gheymeh is made with tiny diced meat and split, onion, tomato paste and dried lemon. Finally, add fried potatoes or fried eggplants to the stew.

Ash Reshte

The most famous Iranian food

There are many type of Ash (thick soup) in Iran, and each region has its own ash. In the meanwhile, Ash reshteh is more famous than others. Ash Reshte is one of the most popular Iranian cuisines and it’s like a kind of Vegetable and Noodle Soup.

The ingredients used are herbs such as parsley, spinach, dill, spring onion and sometimes coriander, chick peas, black eye beans, lentils, reshteh (thin noodles), kashk (a whey-like, fermented dairy product). finally, it is garnished with fried onions, dried mint, garlic

 Familiar with the most popular souvenirs of Iran

Each city in Iran has its own souvenirs. The most famous souvenirs of Iran, which are usually purchased by foreign tourists, are artistic crafts. Just walk in one of the historical bazaar of Iran to face up to hundreds of unique and Special souvenirs. Here is a list of the best and most popular souvenirs in Iran. Souvenirs that foreign tourists usually buy from Iran during their travels and take them to their country as a memorial.

Iranian hand woven carpet

The most popular souvenirs of Iran

 

We all know that rugs and hand woven carpet are one of the most popular souvenirs in Iran. These carpets are often expensive, but if you are one of those who cannot buy the best Persian handmade carpet, you can buy something smaller and cheaper, such as a small rug or a Gabbeh. Foreign tourists often buy small carpets and rugs to easily fit in their luggage.

Khatam-Kari (Marquetry or inlay)

The most popular souvenirs of Iran

The Marquetry is one of the most famous wooden handicrafts in Iran. The artists, combining wood, metal and bone, to create fantastic art work on wood. These artifacts usually include jewelry boxes, photo frames, backgammon and etc. Foreign tourists often buy Iranian Marquetry as souvenirs and gifts for their friends and family.

Saffron

The most popular souvenirs of Iran

Saffron is one of the most famous and most expensive souvenirs in Iran and the world’s spices. Although saffron is planted in countries like India, the United States, Spain, Italy and some North African countries, but saffron of Iran has good value among others. One of the most fascinating tours for foreign tourists which held at the time of flower harvest saffron is, accompanying tourists with farmers to picking this valuable flower. Due to the high value of saffron, also called as a “red gold”.

Kerman’s Pistachio

The most popular souvenirs of Iran

Pistachios, is a famous nuts and souvenirs of Iran. Kerman, Damghan and Sabzevar pistachios are very popular in Iran. Pistachio harvest season is September and early October; thus you can buy fresh pistachios at this time. The fresh pistachios have a slightly warmth and are more delicious than dried pistachios.

Mina-Kari (enameling)

The most popular souvenirs of Iran

 

One of the most famous souvenirs of Iran, especially Isfahan and Shiraz, is Mina. The enameling artifacts are Copper dishes that decorate their surface with a pattern of birds or miniature flowers. The enameling artifacts are Usually blue. Enameling is another popular Iranian product among tourists.

8 items of natural attractions in Iran

If watching the ancient buildings and beautiful Iranian mosques are not enough to satisfy you for travel in Iran. You have to go to see the unique and Natural wonders of it! The attractions that travel to them will put a world of adventure in front of you. From high mountains to deserts . From dense forests to the peculiar pond. In this context, we will introduce you 8 items of natural attractions in Iran.

Damavand Peak

natural attractions in Iran

Damavand is the highest peak in Iran and the highest volcano in Asia. it is one of the 12 prominent peak in the world, and after Mount Everest is the second and most important in Asia. This peak also has a special place in Persian mythology and folklore  and is the symbol of Iranian resistance against despotism in Persian poetry and literature.

You need to be trained and Have a fit and healthy body to climb Damavand mountains. A good two-day climbing schedule, with a complete climbing team and equipment, Can bring you to the roof of Iran..

Lut Desert

natural attractions in Iran

Lut plain is one of two great deserts in Iran. This desert Covering an area of ​​over 50,000 square kilometers in central and eastern regions of Iran. The hottest temperature ever reported in the entire world has been recorded in the iranian Lut Desert. This is an unforgettable place for nightlife and camping. Because there is no place in Iran have such beautiful sky.

Remember, traveling to the Lut Desert alone is a very dangerous task.

playa Lake and Desert

natural attractions in Iran

The other great desert of Iran, located in the center of its plateau, in the northwest of Isfahan and Yazd, is the desert plain, or salt desert. The wild nature of this place will make you look astonished. The famous Salt Lake, desert plain, located 100 km from Qom, is one of the most famous tourist attraction

Badabe Surt, Iran’s Terraced Hot Springs.

natural attractions in Iran

The amazing rock formations of Badab-e Surt, a spectacular attraction. Badab-e Surt hot Springs are located in Mazandaran province and about 100 km south of Sari city. Badab-e Surt Springs terraces are made of travertine, a sedimentary rock deposited by flowing water from the two distinct mineral springs .Two of these springs Have drinking water with healing properties.

Qeshm Island

natural attractions in Iran

The entire Qeshm Island is a great collection of natural landscapes and wonders. The island is located in the Persian Gulf and south of Bandar Abbas. Due to diversity of nature and its geological forms, it has a great reputation. Also Qeshm is the largest island in the Persian Gulf. The valley of stars or the Chah-kuh canyon is also one of the most beautiful natural attractions in Iran

Laton Waterfall

natural attractions in Iran

Laton Waterfall is one of the most unique natural attractions in Iran. If you were in Gilan province, go to the Astara city to watch the highest waterfall in Iran. If you are looking for relaxation, you can enjoy the peaceful surroundings of the Waterfall or if you like an adventurer and excitement, you can experience the Landing from the highest waterfall in Iran. Remember that the best time to travel to this region is the spring season.

Masal, Gilan

natural attractions in Iran

To watch the country’s most beautiful forest landscapes as well as the ocean of cloud phenomena, you can visit Masal in the province of Guilan. When traveling to Masal, you should have warm clothes even in the summer. The best time to travel to Masal is from late spring to late summer. The olasbelangah is the most famous countryside of ​​Masal.

Turkmen Sahra

natural attractions in Iran

The famous plains of Turkmen Sahra, located near the borders of Iran and Turkmenistan in northwestern Iran, In the vicinity of the eastern margin of the Caspian Sea. The lush hills and Continuous of this area are also famous. The best part of these plains is Khaled-e-Nabi cemetery. The historical cemetery of Khaled-e-Nabi and the amazing hills adjacent to the tomb, have created beautiful landscapes.

Iran’s climate

Iran’s climate is one of the most unique climates in the world. Iran is a high plateau, located in a latitude of 25 to 40 degrees in the Northern Hemisphere and in the warm area. Desert and semi-desert areas occupy more than half of the country’s land area. About a third of Iran is also mountainous and a small part of Iran (including the southern plain of the Caspian Sea and the Khuzestan plain) is composed of fertile plains.

Iran has a high climatic diversity. From the north to the south, we gradually face different climate zones. Iran has dry and semi-arid weather . Annual precipitation is varying in different parts of the country and also in different seasons.

Introducing the Iran’s climate

Iran's climate

Moderate and humid climate

The southern coasts of the Caspian Sea are part of the temperate regions of the country due to the moderate weather and high rainfall. Usually, the temperature in the summer is between 25 to 30 degrees per day and between 20 and 23 degrees at night. Humidity in this area is very high. Rainfall has increased the Flora and causes the growth of forests in the temperate and humid regions of the southern part of Caspian Sea. The rainfall and humidity in the temperate and humid areas, along the sea coasts, increase from east to west.

Iran's climate

Warm and dry climate

A significant portion of Iran’s area is occupied by warm and dry areas. The desert sky is serene and no clouds in most of the year. The desert sky is serene and no clouds in most of the year. The difference in temperature between night and day is high in hot and dry climates. The climatic characteristics of this climate are hot days and very cold nights, cold and hard winters, and warm and dry summers.

Iran's climate

Cold and mountainous climate

The characteristic feature of the cold and mountainous climate is the severe cold of winter and mild weather in the summer of this area. Snowfall is very high in the cold and mountainous climate. The difference between night and day is very high. The dryness of the air is disturbing in the cold and mountainous regions. In these areas, rainfall is low in the summer and much in the winter. Mountains are the source of rivers and aqueducts in the country.

Iran's climate

Warm and humid climate

This climatic region is along a narrow, relatively long coastal strip that is more than two thousand kilometers in length. The characteristic feature of this area, is intense heat and high humidity of the air. The rainfall in this area is very low. Most rain occurs in autumn and especially in winter. In this area the weather is mild and pleasant in winter. temperature difference between the day and night is low. Underground water in this area is often salty. Due to direct sunlight and extreme heat, the evaporation rate is very high.

Iran's climate

Best Iranian Desserts

‌Iranian cuisines are famous to being delicious.Sweets such as zoolbia bamieh or shole zard are among the best Persian desserts. In the list below, see 6 of the best Iranian Desserts that are very popular with foreign tourists.

Zoolbia bamieh

Best Iranian Desserts

Zoolbia bamieh are kind of Persian sweetie. it is like doughnuts, a piece of deep fried dough which is then soaked in a Sweet syrup. This dessert is usually made up of ingredients such as flour, yogurt, oil, baking soda and saffron.

Ranginak

Best Iranian Desserts

This is one of the best Iranian desserts in the southern part of the country, which is make with date palm. Ranginak ‘s ingredients are: dates, walnut halves, flour, butter, sugar, cinnamon and cardamom.

Faloodeh Shirazi

Best Iranian Desserts

Interestingly, foreign tourists initially think that Faloodeh is a kind of noodle. But it  is a traditional Iranian cold dessert similar to a sherbet. This dessert is most popular in the summer It can be eaten with a little fresh lemon and was released from heat. Faloodeh is originally from Shiraz and is known as Faloodeh Shirazi . It is sold in ice cream shops and coffee shops.

Traditional ice cream

Best Iranian Desserts

Traditional ice cream is one of the most famous desserts that foreigners loves it too much. This Iranian ice cream made from milk, eggs, sugar, rose water, saffron, vanilla, and pistachios. Persian Ice Cream is known in iran as Bastani Sonnati

shole Zard

Best Iranian Desserts

shole Zard is one of the most delicious Iranian traditional desserts. And makes ready by the mix of rice, water, saffron, rose water, sugar, and so on. It is traditionally served on the time of festivals such as moharram, as well as Ramazan. This dessert is similar to yellow pudding

cookie

Surely one of the best desserts in Iran is cookie. These sweets that have different compositions like cinnamon, sugar, walnut, etc. are found in almost every region of Iran. But they have different baking options. For example, in Kerman there is a cookie called Kolompeh, which contains dates and other materials. Or one of the other famous cookies, is Fouman’s cookie.

Iran forests

We all know that most of Iran has dry and desert cover, but we should not overlook the Iran forests that cover some of its area. In Iran, because of the heights and plains that make up a special geographical area, Forests, plant and animals species and in general and different ecosystems, have unique and special aspect that are considered as one of the most prominent places in Iran. In this article, we will go on to explore the Iran forests and introduce them in general. Stay with us.

Northern Forests of Iran

Iran forests

Hyrcanian forests

Iran’s forests on the southern margin of the Caspian Sea are known as Hyrcanian forests. These forests have about 800 km long and transverse between 20 and 70 km from Astara continues to the gildaghi valley of Bojnourd. They have a lot of biological value. Maybe it’s interesting for you to know that this area is protected by the Alborz Mountains and the Caspian Sea from the Ice Age in the third period of geology. That’s why it has been living since then.

This age, which has been around for 40 million years, has caused some herbaceous and animal species (endemic). One of the most beautiful trees in this area, which is native to these forests, is called Parrotia Persica

Arasbaran forests

Iran forests

The northern forests of Arasbaran are located in the north of East Azerbaijan province. Their area reaches more than 70 thousand hectares. Of course, these forests can be considered as a subset of Hyrcanian forests. But some experts believe that the forests are different in terms of expertise. In the south of the Aras River, you see these jungles Which includes thousands of tree and animal species. One of the beautiful aspect of Arasbaran is the high mountains that surround this forest.

Zagros forests in the west and southwest such as the oak forest

Iran forests

These massive forests cover an area of ​​about 1.6 kilometers. and Located in the provinces of West Azerbaijan, Kurdistan, Kermanshah, Elam, Lorestan, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, Khuzestan, Fars, Kohkiluyeh and Boyer Ahmad and a little part of from Isfahan. The forests of the Zagros region absorb moisture from the Mediterranean Sea and contain about 180 species of trees and shrubs. One of the most important tree species in this area is the oak tree, which is why These forests of Iran are also called oak forests. One of the animal species of this region is Iranian squirrel

Iran forests in the southern region

Iran forests

The southern forests of Iran are known as Tropical or semi tropical. These forests are not densely as Hyrcanian forests and are often sparse in southern Iran. Their total area may be about 500,000 hectares. One of the most famous forests in these area are Hara forests.

Iranian forests in the center

In southern Iran, the vegetative area of ​​Iranian and Turanian with an area of ​​more than 4 million hectares has been scattered. And it includes a large part of Iran. These areas are part of the dry and semi-desert areas of Iran’s central plateau which usually have a very high temperature difference in the cold and hot season. This area has about 300 trees and shrubs, which endemic species is also seen among them

The most popular local cuisine of Iran

The country of Iran is very diverse in terms of culture and you will encounter culture, cooking, food and special customs on every corner of this country. This diversity encourages tourists to visit Iran. Also, Iran is a good destination for food tourism and for anyone who wants to try new and delicious food. We are going to introduce some of the most famous local cuisine in Iran, which has become popular among tourists.

Guilan Province, Mirza-Ghasemi

One of the most popular local cuisines in Iran is Mirza-ghasemi. only the smell of the grilled eggplant is sufficient to tempts you to try it. This is a vegetarian food and it is prepared by using grilled eggplant, tomato, lots of fresh garlic, salt and pepper.
Just like most foods in Guilan, at the end, egg poured over the Mirza-ghasemi, or fried eggs separately placed next to the food. Mirza-ghasemi  is one of the most delicious Iranian cuisine, which served as an appetizer or with rice as a main dish.

The most popular local cuisine of Iran

Shiraz, kalam polow

The most popular local cuisine of Iran, which has gained popularity among foreign tourists, is kalam polow. This food belongs to Shiraz and surrounding areas. Due to the tourist attraction of Shiraz, many foreign tourists try this delicious meal. To prepare kalam polow, chopped cabbage combines by all kinds of scented greens such as dill, tarragon, parsley and … with rice. And at last it serve with tiny Persian meatballs.

The most popular local cuisine of Iran

Isfahan, Beryani

Isfahan due to its many tourist attractions is so popular for tourists. And many tourists who travel to Iran are Eager to go to Isfahan. For this reason, it is not surprising that in the list of the most popular local cuisines in Iran is name of an Isfahan’s food. Biryani is one of the traditional foods of Isfahan and Isfahan’s people, loves it. Beryani comes from a combination of lamb, white liver and various spices. And often served with fresh sangak bread and local and cool yogurt drink.

The most popular local cuisine of Iran

Mashhad, Shishlik

Meat and varieties of kebab have a special place in Iranian culture and cuisine and one of the most popular types of kebabs is the same shishlik. Mashhad attracts many foreign tourists because of its religious significance. And among all Mashhad dishes, Shishlik has become very popular. Shishlik is made of barbecued pieces of lamb and Served with bread or rice.